Causes of Addiction

These are some of the recognized causes of addiction.

  • Family history. Genetics explains 50 percent of whether an individual will develop an addiction.
  • Poor coping skill for dealing with stress.
  • Negative thinking, such as an all-or-nothing approach to life.
  • Underlying anxiety or depression.
  • Chronic pain, either emotional or physical.

Approximately 15 to 30 percent of addicts suffer from both addiction and underlying depression.[1, 2] The combination is sometimes called a dual diagnosis. Anxiety and depression can lead to addiction. Addiction can also cause anxiety and depression. People who have a dual diagnosis often use drugs and alcohol to escape the feelings of anxiety and depression. They have a repeating pattern of staying sober for a while and then relapsing when the feelings become overwhelming and they try to escape them. (Reference:


I have written a website to deal with each of these causes.
For further information refer to the following links:


1) Schuckit MA, Tipp JE, Bergman M, Reich W, Hesselbrock VM, Smith TL. Comparison of induced and independent major depressive disorders in 2,945 alcoholics. American Journal Psychiatry. 1997 Jul;154(7):948-57.
2) RC Kessler, WT Chiu, O Demler, EE Walters. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 2005 Jun;62(6):617-27.

Last Modified:June 12, 2018